Articles (2)

Thursday, 01 August 2019 18:15

Persian Gulf & Strait of Hormuz

Written by

Persian Gulf & Strait of Hormuz

Published on July 30, 2019

Mehdi Zakerian

Professor&Editor-in-Chief ISJ

Here is the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz

Mehdi Zakerian

Prof. of Human Rights and International Relations


A . From the legal perspective:

Iran has stopped a British ship in violation of maritime rules in the Persian Gulf. Britain has seized Iranian oil tanker at the request of the United States in Gibraltar. The EU has ordered sanctions on purchasing oil originated Syria, not selling oil to it. Iran is not a member of the European Union and is free to export its oil to any country which is not sanctioned by the UN Security Council. According to international law and the law of seas, Iranian ship must be released immediately. There is no reason for freeing the British ship which has violated maritime rules in Persian Gulf.


B. From the political perspective:

By the end of the 19th century, Britain was the dominant maritime power of the world. The country still remains one of the most important maritime powers in international community. Britain seizure of an Iranian ship in Gibraltar which has a strategic ally named the United States is a small victory in the above-mentioned system.

But Iran has never been a maritime power. The seizure of a British ship in the Persian Gulf by Revolutionary Guard naval forces is a great loss for Britain and its strategic ally, America and the newly team called "B". Iran's national sovereignty over its territorial waters is an undeniable fact. Harmless crossing of non-hostile ships from the Strait of Hormuz is seriously monitored by Iran.

Tuesday, 02 August 2016 05:02


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  • Title
  • Abstract with subheadings of background and aim, Methods and Materials, Results and Conclusion, at most with 200 words. 4-6 keywords (should be in title and abstract)
  • Introduction (justification for doing the research, review on other studies, objectives of the study)
  • Materials and Methods (type of research, method of research, statistical software)
  • Results (reporting the results of research)
  • Discussion (discussing the results, comparing the results with that of similar studies, practical application of results, limitations of the research)
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References (references should be according to the section of “References”)

 Structure of Case Studies

Case Studies should include:


  • Title
  • Abstract with subheadings of Introduction, Case Study, Conclusion 3-5 Keywords (should be exist in title and abstract)
  • Introduction (importance and justification for the rareness of the case reported)
  • Case study and report
  • Discussion
  • References (references should be numbered consecutively in order of citation in the text, style should be according to the section of “References”)


Citations in the References Page:

 a – Persian versions: print surnames and initials of all authors when there are six or less (in case of seven or more authors the first six must be followed by et al), Year “Title of manuscript,” Name of journal, Vol, (No), page.

b – English versions: print surnames and initials of all authors when there are six or less (in case of seven or more authors the first six authors followed by et al should be listed), Year, “Title of manuscript,” Abbreviated name of journal, Vol, (No), page.

Seeff LB, Buskell-Bales Z, Wrught EC, Durako SJ, Alter HJ, Iber FL, et al, 1992, “Long term mortality after transfusion associated non A, non B hepatitis,” The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute study group, N Engl J Med; 27: 1906-11.

c – Book: surname and initials of the author(s), Year, Name of the book, Edition no, Place of publication: Publisher; page.

Kates M. 1992, Techniques of Lipidology, 2nd ed, New York: Elsevier; pp. 172-5.

d – Chapter of a book: surname and initials of the author(s) of the chapter, Year. “Title of the chapter,” In: surname and initials of the author(s). Name of the book, Edition no, Place of publication: Publisher, page.

Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP, 1995, “Hypertension and stroke,” in:

Laragh JH, Brenner BM, (eds.) Hypertension: Pathophysiology,

Diagnosis and Management. 2nd ed, New York: Raven Press, pp.


e – Conference presentations:

Bengtsson S, Solheim BG, 1992, “Enforcement of Data Protection, Privacy and Security in Medical Informatics,” in: Lun KC, Degoulet P., Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, (eds.) MEDINFO 92.

Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics,1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North- Holland, 1992. pp. 1561-5.

f – Citing materials on Internet:

Book on CD:

Title [book on CD-ROM], Year, Place of production, producer; Based on, Author/s or editor/s of book, year, Title of book, Place of publication: publisher; Title of CD-ROM series or database.

Martindale: The complete drug reference [book on CD-ROM],Englewood, Co: Micromedex; 1999. Based on, Parfitt K, (ed.), Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference, London: Pharmaceutical Press; International Healthcare Series.

Journal on CD:

Gershon ES, 1995, “Antisocial behavior,” Arch Gen Psychiatry

[Serial on CD-ROM] 1995; 52: 900-901.


Journal article on the Internet:

Abood S., 2002, “Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role,” Am J Nurs[serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6):[about 3 p.].

Available from: Accessed December 25, 2002.


Monograph on the Internet:

Foley KM, Gelband H, (eds.), 2001, “Improving palliative care for cancer [monograph on the Internet],” Washington: National Academy Press; [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: Accessed August 21, 2001.


Homepage/Web site:

Cancer-Pain. Org [homepage on the Internet], 2000-01, NewYork: Association of Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01[updated 2002 May 16;cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: Nov 20, 2002.


Part of a homepage/Web site:

American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet].c1995-2002, Chicago: The Association; c1995-2002[updated2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens].

Available from: Accessed June 12, 2002.


Database on the Internet:

Open database:

Who’s certified [database on the Internet], Evanston(IL): The American Board of Medical Specialists. c2000-[cited 2001 Mar 8].

Available from: Accessed October 5, 2001.


Closed database:

Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation(MCA/MR) Syndromes[database on the Internet]. Bethesda(MD):

National Library of Medicine (US). c1999[updated 2001 Nov 20; cited 2002 Aug 12]. Available from: title.html. Accessed April 10, 2002.


Part of a database on the Internet:

MeSH Browser[database on the Internet]. Bethesda(MD):

National Library of Medicine(US); 2002-[cited 2003 Jun 10].Meta-analysis; unique ID: D015201;[about 3 p.]. Available from: files updated weekly. Accessed August 23, 2003.


Editorial board is free to accept, revise and/or reject a manuscript.



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